Gray JM, Schnadower D, Lafolette R, Shah AS, Sobolewski B. Going viral: a scoping review of the current state and impact of online research dissemination in emergency medicine. Academic Emergency Medicine Education and Training. January 24, 2022.

A comprehensive scoping review of the literature and development of a dissemination framework that will empower researchers, research networks, and granting organizations to maximize their use of FOAM and other online methods to disseminate new knowledge as well as provide clinicians a better understanding of the tools and methods by which to access and implement new research findings.

Dribin TE, Schnadower D, Wang J, Camargo Jr. CA, Michelson KA, Shaker M, Rudders SA, Vyles D, Golden DBK, Spergel JM, Campbell RL, Neuman MI, Capucilli PS, Pistiner M, Castells M, Lee J, Brousseau DC, Schneider LC, Assa’ad AH, Risma KA, Mistry RD, Campbell DE, Worm M, Turner PJ, Witry JK, Zhang Y, Sobolewski B, Sampson HA. Anaphylaxis knowledge gaps and future research priorities: a consensus report. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 2021,

This study identified and systematically appraised anaphylaxis knowledge gaps and future research priorities. I assisted the investigators by developing a novel method to visually represent the study data in an intuitive fashion.

Cramer N, Cantwell L, Ong H, Sivasankar SM, Graff D, Lawson S, Wilson P, Noorbakhsh K, Mickley M, Zuckerbraun NS, Sobolewski B, Soung J, Azhdam DB, Wagner Neville DN, Hincapie MR, Marin J. Pediatric Emergency Medicine Fellowship POCUS Training in 2020. Academic Emergency Medicine Education & Training. Volume5, Issue4. August 2021. e10643.

This cross-sectional survey of U.S. PEM fellows and fellowship program leaders demonstrated variation in POCUS content and requirements. We noted that training does conform to many of the expert recommended guidelines, but there are some discrepancies and perceived barriers to POCUS training that remain.

Lipshaw MJ, Zamor R, Carson R, Mallon D, Sobolewski B, Vukovic A, Kurowski E. Evidence-based Standardization of Constipation Management in the Emergency Department: A Quality Improvement Study. Pediatr Qual Saf. 2021 Mar-Apr; 6(2): e395. PMID: 33718750. doi: 10.1097/pq9.0000000000000395.

Tis study demonstrated that QI methodology successfully decreased abdominal X-Ray utilization in the evaluation of constipation across a broad spectrum of acuity levels in our Emergency Department. I participated in all aspects of the project, especially in the creation of educational content in the form of a podcast episode.

Morrison-Ponce D, Tomlinson S, Sobolewski B. FOAM Club: A Spin on the Traditional Journal Club Format Focused on Blogs and Podcasts. Academic Emergency Medicine Education and Training, 2020. doi: 10.1002/aet2.10516

We developed a journal club style educational experience focused on learned the critical appraisal of FOAM blogs and podcasts. The website has all of the materials one needs to host their own conference.

Loftus K, Schumacher D, Mittiga MR, McDonough E, Sobolewski B. A Descriptive Analysis of the Cumulative Experiences of Emergency Medicine Residents in the Pediatric Emergency Department. Academic Emergency Medicine Education and Training, 2020. doi:10.1002/aet2.10462

After building a robust data dictionary we reviewed the electronic medical record for primary billing diagnoses, demographic information, and disposition status as well and our resuscitation area database to describe the cumulative clinical experiences of two classes of Emergency Medicine residents working at our institution.

Schumacher D, Martini A, Sobolewski B, Caraccio C, Holmboe E, Basari J,Poynter S, van der Vleuten C, Lingard L. Use of Resident-Sensitive Quality Measure Data in Entrustment Decision Making: A Qualitative Study of Clinical Competency Committee Members at One Pediatric Residency, Academic Medicine. 2020 Nov;95(11):1726-1735. doi: 10.1097/ACM.0000000000003435.

This qualitative study investigated the impressions of faculty on the Clinical Competency Committee at a single pediatric training program. The faculty were provided resident sensitive quality measure data in addition to typical evaluation data in advance of semi-structured interviews.

Schumacher D, Holmboe E, Carraccio C, Martini A, van der Vleuten C, Busari J, Sobolewski B, Byczkowski TL. Resident-Sensitive Quality Measures in the Pediatric Emergency Department: Exploring Relationships With Supervisor Entrustment and Patient Acuity and Complexity. Academic Medicine. 2020 Aug;95(8):1256-1264. PMID: 32101934 DOI: 10.1097/ACM.0000000000003242

We investigated resident sensitive quality measures for bronchiolitis, asthma, head injury, and gastroenteritis in a single academic Pediatric Emergency Department.

Jones M, Dean P, Sobolewski B. Emergency Management of an Eyelid Zipper Injury in a Child. The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 2020 Mar;58(3):e153-e155.  doi: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2019.11.040. Epub 2020 Jan 27.

The right upper eyelid met a zipper. We removed the zipper and describe the experience in this case report.

Schumacher D, Martini A, Holmboe E, Caraccio C, van der Vleuten C, Sobolewski B, Busari J, Byczkowski T. Initial Implementation of Resident-Sensitive Quality Measures in the Pediatric Emergency Department: A Wide Range of Performance, Academic Medicine. 2020 Aug;95(8):1248-1255. doi: 10.1097/ACM.0000000000003147. PMID: 31913878

We describe the initial development and implementation of resident sensitive qualities measure for key diagnoses in the Pediatric Emergency Department of a single academic hospital.

Mittiga MR, Frey M, Kerrey BT, Rinderknecht AS, Eckerle MD, Sobolewski B, Johnson LH, Oehler JL, Bennett BL, Chan S, Frey TM, Hoehn E, Krummen KM, Lindsay C, Wolfangel K, Masur TJ, Richert A, Bria CL, Geis GL. The Medical Resuscitation Committee: Interprofessional Program Development to Optimize Care for Critically Ill Medical Patients in an Academic Pediatric Emergency Department. Ped Emerg Care. 2019 Mar 14. (PMID 30883536). doi:10.1097/PEC.0000000000001742.

The Medical Resuscitation Committee is a multidisciplinary group within the Division of Emergency Medicine that focuses on the care of critically ill children of the Shock Trauma Suite of the Emergency Department at Cincinnati Children’s. This paper details our work to develop algorithms and an educational platform that includes planned in situ simulations, educational conferences involving actual patient encounters in the resuscitation area, and an iterative improvement focused process.

Nistel M, Lee SH, Born H, Greinwald JH, Abdaljaleel M, Sobolewski B. The Girl With the Bleeding Earlobe Mass. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2019. doi:10.1097/PEC.0000000000001809 PMID 30907848

A case report of a child with a pilomatrixoma of the ear.

Zackoff MW, Real FJ, DeBlasio D, Spaulding JR, Sobolewski B, Unaka N, Jerardi K, Klein M. Objective Assessment of Resident Teaching Competency through a Longitudinal, Clinically Integrated, Resident-as-Teacher Curriculum. Acad Pediatr. 2019 . doi:10.1016/j.acap.2019.01.011 PMID 30853578

A collaborative effort to assess the effectiveness of a residents as teachers curriculum. I assisted in video review of study subjects as well as via the creation of a website that functioned as our evaluation tool.

Sobolewski B, Taylor RG, Geis GL, Kerrey BT. Resident Performance of the Rapid Cardiopulmonary Assessment in the Emergency Department. Pedaitr Emerg Care. 2018 May 23.

Video review of senior pediatric resident performance of the rapid cardiopulmonary assessment on actual patients in the resuscitation area of the Emergency Department. Resident performance of a complete examination and assessment of patients’ airway, breathing and circulation was rare.

Alwan R, Drake M, Gurria Juarez J, Emery KH, Shaaban AF, Szabo S, Sobolewski B. A Newborn With Abdominal Pain. Pediatrics Oct 2017, e20164267; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2016-4267

A case report fo a newborn ultimately diagnosed with acute appendicitis. It features the contributions of the Emergency Department, surgery, radiology, pathology, and impressions from the primary care doctor.

Patel A, Unaka N, Holland D, Schuler C, Mangeot C, Sucharew H, Younts A, Maag L, Treasure J, Sobolewski B, Statile A. Increasing Physical Exam Teaching on Family-Centered Rounds Utilizing a Web-Based Tool. Pediatric Quality and Safety. 2017;2:e032.

We describe the implementation of an online physical exam skills teaching website for pediatric residents on the inpatient hospital medicine teams.

Patel A, Unaka N MD, Sobolewski B, Statile A. Five Steps for Success in Building Your Own Educational Website. Academic Pediatrics. Volume 17, Issue 4, May–June 2017, Pages 345–348. PMID: 28300656

I developed an educational website focused on the physical exam for residents rotating through the inpatient Hospital Medicine teams. We also gathered usage and experiential data and used our experience to offer advice on the design of educational websites. You can view the site at

Zackoff, M. W., DeBlasio, D., Sobolewski, B. and Klein, M. (2016), Implementation of point-of-care tools for assessment of teaching. Med Educ, 2016. 50: 1169. doi:10.1111/medu.13183. PMID: 27761997

Description of our efforts to use a customized website to evaluate resident teaching at the point-of-care. The site is live at

Sobolewski, B, Kerrey, BT, Geis, GL, Bria, CL, Mittiga, MR, Gonzalez del Rey, JG. The April Effect: A Novel Orientation Approach to Improve Rotation Transitions During Pediatric Residency. Academic Pediatrics, April 2016, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 220–223.

This study detailed our efforts to develop an online orientation for residents rotating through the Emergency Department at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center. Following a targeted needs assessment we developed a multimedia orientation to address the challenges of orienting 30-40 residents from a multitude of training levels and programs to our ED. The current version is live at This study was also my Masters in Education thesis. I learned quite a bit about the full process of curriculum design.

Chang TP, Pham PK, Sobolewski B, Doughty CB, Jamal N, Kwan KY, Little K, Brenkert TE, Mathison DJ. Pediatric Emergency Medicine asynchronous e-learning: a multi-center randomized control Solomon-4-group study. Academic Emergency Medicine, 2014 Aug; 21(8):912-9.

A multi-site Solomon four group design whereby we randomized residents working in the ED to access to online educational modules. Module use improved post test scores in those randomized to the intervention, and ultimately we noted that web-based asynchronous e-learning potentially has the ability to standardize education among multiple institutions with common curricula, especially in the ED – a rotation that is far from standardized. Through participation in this study I was exposed to new methodology, and met new colleagues and friends that I continue to work with.

Sobolewski B, Richey L, Kowatch R, Grupp-Phelan J, Mental Health Follow-Up among Adolescents with Suicidal Behaviors after Emergency Department Discharge. Archives of Suicide Research, 2013;17(4):323-34.

My fellows research project. This was a prospective study of suicidal adolescents discharged from the ED. We noted that 1/5 returned to the ED within a very short time period for admission. I learned how to submit an IRB for the first time, as well as design a survey instrument and conduct statistical analysis (including everybody’s favorite – multivariable logistic regression).

Delgado A, Sobolewski B, Murtagh-Kurowski E. A tale of 2 torsions: Ovarian Torsion in Infants and Toddlers. Pediatric Emergency Care. 2013 Mar: 29(3):374-6.

A case report of two young children with ovarian torsion. The educational focus was on how abdominal pain can be difficult to assess in babies and toddlers.

Sobolewski BA, Mittiga MR, Reed JL. Atlantoaxial rotary subluxation following minor trauma. Pediatric Emergency Care. 2008 Dec;24(12):852-6.

A case report detailing a child with a seemingly minor injury that resulted in a rare diagnosis – one where the first and second cervical vertebrae are rotated and locked in place.

Sobolewski BA, Zgibor JC, Orchard TJ. ACE inhibitors and calcium channel blockers: patterns of use and associations with mortality in type I diabetes. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice. 2004 Jul; 65(1):37-43.

I wrote this paper a long time ago during medical school, back when I was just getting my feet wet in academic medicine. I learned a lot about data abstraction and analysis and had the opportunity to present a poster at the American Diabetes Association’s Annual Meeting.

Books and Chapters

Shah A, Sobolewski B, Mittiga, M. Chapter 14: Pediatrics. The Atlas of Emergency Medicine, 5th Edition. McGraw Hill, 2020.

Sobolewski B. Emergency Medicine Section: Med Study Pediatrics Core Curriculum, 8th Edition. The Med Study Corporation, 2017.

Sobolewski B, Mittiga, M, Gonzalez del Rey, J. Chapter 14: Pediatrics. The Atlas of Emergency Medicine, 4thEdition. McGraw Hill, 2016.

Sobolewski B. Emergency Medicine Section: Med Study Pediatrics Core Curriculum, 7th Edition. The Med Study Corporation, 2015.

Sobolewski B, Grupp-Phelan, J, Marino, B. Chapter 20: The Critically Ill and Injured Child. Blueprints Pediatrics, 6th Edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2013

Select Media Appearances and Quotes

Wenner Moyer, M. Doctors Expect a ‘Huge Spike’ in Pediatric Injuries at Home. NY Times. Published March 26, 2020, Updated April 18, 2020. Accessed 1/27/2022.

I was interviewed by the author and contributed multiple quotes discussing what types of injuries we may expect to see in the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic during quarantine. I also provided recommendations for families to create structured time and offer safe activities.

Wenner Moyer, M. How Are My Kids Still Getting Sick in Lockdown?. Published June 24, 2020, Updated June 28, 2020. Accessed 1/27/2022.

I was interviewed by the author and was quoted about the general effectiveness of social distancing for preventing a wide array of illnesses, not just COVID-19

Woods, J. Episode 5: Establishing an Education Brand with Brad Sobolewski. Little Big Med. Published January 11, 2018. Accessed 1/27/2022.

This episode of my mentee, Jason Wood’s, podcast was focused on creating n education brand online. It included information on consistent voice and visual identity as well as how I got started in FOAM.

Other Publications

Sobolewski B. Febrile Seizures: A Parent’s Guide. Cincinnati Children’s Blog. April 16, 2019.

Sobolewski, B. Don’t Mess With Testicle Pain. Cincinnati Children’s Blog. June 30, 2017.

Sobolewski B. Social media, technology create new frontier in medical education. AAP News 2015; 36:34.PMID: N/A.

Senior Editor in Chief – ThePocket 2007-08 to 2019-20 editions. Pediatric Resident handbook at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center